Friday, February 20, 2009


TARIKH: 18-19 OKTOBER 2008

malam gawai 2008


Date: 18 th JUly 2008 Denue: DEWAN SERI SADONG Present: TUAN HAJI RAMBLI ZAINUDDIN , the Principal Wardens teachers programme:
National Anthem,
A traditional Dance from Culutral Club SMK Serian.
Welcoming Speech from Mr. Abdullah Risat, the Chief Warden. He thanked and congratulated the organising committee, the lower Six group for the good job done
In his speech, the principal said that, he will give full support on any acitivities organised by the students.
Fasion show - 5 boys and 5 girls
karaoke competion
Bidayuh Traditional Custom Show
Beauty Contest (The Kumang and Keling Of 2008)

Iban traditional Marriage Custom
Early on the morning of the wedding day, the groom’s party will come to the bride’s house in long boats which are decorated with beauti­ful pua kumbu (woven blankets) and flags. As they paddle along the river, the musicians perform the gendang with gongs and drums. The maidens and bachelors are in traditional costumes while men and women wear ordinary suits, kain batik and baju kebaya or baju kurong respec­tively. As their boats approach the bride’s landing place a gun is fired once or three times as a sign of their arrival. On hearing this, the hosts fire their guns as a sign of welcome. After the boats have landed, the guests are received by the Tuai Rumah and his companions at an open space (menalan) with offerings in case the guests have heard unfavorable omens as they paddled along the river. From the menalan a procession is formed for the guests to enter the bride’s longhouse. This procession is led by the Tuai Rumah who carries a flag. He is followed by a man who carries a plate of offerings and a woman who throws popped rice (letup) along the route of the procession. Behind the elder woman are the maidens in their traditional dress consisting of kain pandak (short skirt), tumpa pirak (silver bracelets), rawai (corset), lampit (girdles), sabit (silver or brass chains), sugu tinggi (tall combs) decorated with coloured metal ornaments (ensuga) on the top of the tiara, silver necklaces (tenggak pirak), and they carry small silver boxes called buah pauh in their hands. Behind these girls are the bachelors wearing loin clothes (sirat), head gear decorated with hornbill feathers, silver bracelets and ivory armlets on their arms, and swords the scabbards of which are decorated with beads and hornbill feathers are carried at their side. In the rear are the musicians who play the gendang with gongs and drums. As they enter the house they are offered arak or tuak wine by the young men and mai­dens at each family’s lower gallery along the procession route. As the procession reaches the end of the house it turns round and finally stops at the bride’s family gallery, where the leading guests are asked by the representatives of the bride’s parents to open the door of the bride’s room with words of praise. After the opening of the door, the male guests are asked to take their seats along the upper and lower galleries facing the bride’s family bilek and along the galleries at both sides. The women guests sit in the bride’s family bilek. After all the guests have been received with tuak wine or arak and food, they are invited to change their seats. The hosts invite them to sit at their individual section of the gallery where they are served with drinks of various kinds. At noon a midday meal is served along the lower gallery. Sometime after the meal is over, the bride’s parents gather all the people to their gallery to witness the Melah Pinang ceremony. At the opening of the ceremony a representative of the bride’s fami­ly stands up and informs his audience that the bridal parents have agreed that the bridegroom and the bride are to be wed according to the custom of the Iban. At this wedding he begs the Penghulu, Tuai Rumah and all other senior guests to witness the payment of the bride wealth and other articles, as well as witness the agreements made between the two families for the union of their children as follows: 1. If the bridegroom divorces his spouse because she commits adultery, is quarrelsome or otherwise has a bad character, the woman’s family must refund the bride wealth and the gun and gong. In addition to these they must pay the groom $ 150 if the amount of the bride price was $300, which is an additional one-half of the total amount of the bride wealth. 2. If the bride divorces her husband due to his bad character as mention­ed in (a) above, the groom will lose all of the bride wealth and other articles. As soon as the bride wealth has been paid and the marriage agree­ment has been made public, a senior woman, preferably the bride’s mother or her aunt, will bring out from the family room areca-nut in a small finely-made, carrying basket called a selok to the middle of the lower gallery (ruai). There she is surrounded by the elderly women and male bards, if any are present. As she sits there, she cuts the areca-nuts into three, five or seven pieces in the presence of the groom’s and bride’s relatives. The number depends on the distance separating the bride’s and groom’s community; the greater the distance the more the number. When this is done, the pieces of areca-nut are put in the selok basket and covered by a beautiful woven blanket. As the selok is lying under the pua kumbu cover, a bard sings a song and pretends to nurse a child. In his song, he prays that in the future the child will become a well-to-do man or a brave warrior. As he sings on and on, he pretends that the child is slee­ping. So he stops his song. A few minutes later another bard sings a song to wake the child up again. He relates that while the child was sleeping it dreamed of meeting the deity of wealth and good fortune, Anda Mara, and the goddesses Kumang and Lulong, the wives of Keling and Laja of the Panggau Libau spiritual world, who gave it charms which can make it wealthy and brave in war. He further says that in time to come the child will become a fa­mous leader of men in many adventures all over the countries round about. A similar dream is related for girls. This enacted dream song re­flects the importance attributed by the Iban to dreams as a source of pro­phesy and divine benefaction, and, of course, is intended here to bring good fortune and success to the future children of the newly married couple. During the melah pinang ceremony, the guests are served with wine, coffee and delicious food including bread and cakes. As soon as the bards have finished singing their songs of nindok ke anak and ngerak anak, the guests are asked to sit in a long row along the upper and lower galleries. After the seating of the guests has been arranged, the hosts serve them a midday meal. After the meal is over, if the marriage is incestuous, the guests and hosts, led by the Penghulu and other leaders who officiate the besapat ka ai bathing ceremony, proceed to the river to cleanse the bridal couple of their sin. A description of this ceremony was given earlier in the section on “Marriage and Incest” (cf. pp 28-29). As soon as the bathing ceremony of the bridal couple is over, the bridegroom, his parents and other guests return to their house with the bride in her traditional dress. Seated near her in the bridegroom’s boat is a bride’s maid from the bride’s own longhouse. Also near them are the girls of the bridegroom’s house who have come with the groom to the bride’s house that morning. As the boats are paddled by men along the river, the musicians begin to play gongs and drums and the music continues till they reach their pengkalan (landing place). Shortly after the bridegroom and others have left for the bride’s house in the morning, a number of women who could not join them de­corate the bridegroom’s family room (bilek) by spreading good mats on the floors and displaying the pua kumbu blankets from a cord along the walls of the room. When the bride arrives in the evening, she is led by a procession of maidens (who return from her house) to the bridegroom’s house. As she enters the building, she is cordially invited to stay for an hour or two with her bridesmaid in the room of bridegroom’s closest relatives. Here they are served with soft drinks and other refreshments. Sometime after this, the bridegroom’s mother comes to fetch the bride to her room. The latter and her bridesmaid follow her. As she arrives at her spouse’s family room, she is asked by her mother-in-law to sit on the best tikai bebuah mats which have been specially spread for her. As she sits a number of girls of her age from other family rooms in the longhouse, come to talk to her. In the evening, after she has changed her dress, a dinner is served in the family room and the family eats together. After the evening meal is over, the bridegroom’s father calls for all the people of the longhouse to come to his family room to attend the bebiau ceremony, when the newly married couples are waved with a chicken by a shaman (manang) or a bard (lemambang). After all the people have arrived, a few young men serve everyone with wine. While the people are still drinking wine, the bridegroom dresses himself on the gallery outside, while the bride dresses herself somewhere out of people’s sight in the room. When the bride and the bridegroom have finished dressing themselves, four tawak gongs are placed side by side along the upper room (bilek atas). These gongs are carefully covered by carpets or pua kumbu blankets. Eventually the bride and her bridesmaid rejoin those who have gathered. They are seated close to each other on the two tawak gongs. Short­ly afterwards comes the bridegroom who is attended by his closest bache­lor friend who acts as his best man. The former sits close to the bride, while his best man sits close to him. As they sit here, a shaman stands up holding a chicken in his hands.
Read more on this at:
Ngetas Ranyai
The Ngetas Ranyai Ceremony Once the offering ceremony is over, the main celebration of the Gawai begins. The community gathers around the ranyai at the common verandah of the longhouse. The Ranyai is a ceremonial tree which is decorated with different foodstuff and drinks. The longhouse echoes with the sounds of music, dancing and laughter, accompanied by food and frequent imbibing of the rice wine called tuak. The merrymaking lasts throughout the night. The removal of the ranyai marks the end of the Gawai. Read more on this at:
Results of the various competetions held
beauty contest (Keling)
1st: Gory Jores
Beauty Contest (Kumang)
1st:Mary Lunchan
2nd:Rozila Tilong
3rd:Rozalia Musong
Karaoke (M)
1st:Augustine Akong
2nd: Cristian Wilson
3rd:Jude Vegir
Karaoke (F)
1st:Jessica Pamela
2nd:Jenniver Diana
Fashion Show:
1st:Erwin Sawang Gani
2nd:Zuraidah binti Abu Bakar
3rd:Franky Aying anak Ujang